Instrumentation and Infrastructure
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center Remote Sensing Technologies (RST) Project supports advanced instrumentation for Sensor Calibration and Product Validation.
Joint agency agreements have been established with the USGS, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to become part of eight different instrumentation networks. Components of these networks are operated at EROS.
These components collect data to support earth science data calibration and validation. The networks collect key Earth surface properties necessary to calibrate remote sensing data and ensure product validity. These properties include high-precision global positioning system (GPS) reference data, complete meteorological microclimate data, soil temperature and moisture data, surface solar radiation data, and carbon flux measurements. Without calibrated instruments, data products could not be validated for science use; therefore, the instrument data is crucial.
The USGS instrumentation network site at EROS supports:
Ecosystem Phenology Web Camera Network – PHENOCAM
- Main PHENOCAM Network website
- PHENOCAM website for USGS EROS location
- “Live” view from EROS PHENOCAM
NOAA National Ocean Service National Geodetic Survey – CORS
NOAA Forecast Systems Laboratory – GSOS
- GPS Surface Observation System Network
- EROS Station
- Most Recent Data – select “SD – Brandon (ECSD)” from the list of stations, select parameters, then click “Submit” at bottom of page
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service – SCAN
NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory – SURFRAD
NOAA National Climatic Data Center – CRN
- Carbon Flux Tower supporting NOAA and USDA networks; such as AmeriFlux and FLUXNET. (Carbon Flux Article)
- Brookings Station
USGS Cimel instruments supporting the NASA AERONET network
Canada Climate Reference Station Network – RCS