Remote Sensing Technologies

understanding the technologies needed to sense our world

Instrumentation and Infrastructure

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center Remote Sensing Technologies (RST) Project supports advanced instrumentation for Sensor Calibration and Product Validation.

Joint agency agreements have been established with the USGS, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to become part of eight different instrumentation networks. Components of these networks are operated at EROS.

These components collect data to support earth science data calibration and validation. The networks collect key Earth surface properties necessary to calibrate remote sensing data and ensure product validity. These properties include high-precision global positioning system (GPS) reference data, complete meteorological microclimate data, soil temperature and moisture data, surface solar radiation data, and carbon flux measurements. Without calibrated instruments, data products could not be validated for science use; therefore, the instrument data is crucial.

The USGS instrumentation network site at EROS supports:

Ecosystem Phenology Web Camera Network – PHENOCAM

NOAA National Ocean Service National Geodetic Survey – CORS

NOAA Forecast Systems Laboratory – GSOS

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service – SCAN

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory – SURFRAD

NOAA National Climatic Data Center – CRN


USGS Cimel instruments supporting the NASA AERONET network

Canada Climate Reference Station Network – RCS

USGS Earthquake Hazards program

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Page Last Modified: January 8, 2013